Psychoanalytikerinnen. Biografisches Lexikon

Women Psychoanalysts in France


Liliane Abensour
Annie Anzieu
Jenny Aubry
Piera Aulagnier
Marie Balmary
Ilse Barande
Laurence Bataille
Anne Berman
Marie Bonaparte
Françoise Boulanger (Canada)
Denise Braunschweig
Elsa Breuer
Elsa Cayat
Janine Chasseguet-Smirgel
Maryse Choisy
Anne Clancier
Margaret Clark-Williams
Odette Codet
Myriam David
Monique David-Ménard
Françoise Dolto
Judith Dupont
Micheline Enriquez
Solange Faladé
Juliette Favez-Boutonier
Marcelle Geber
Florence Guignard
Dominique Guyomard
Luce Irigaray
Évelyne Kestemberg
Julia Kristeva
Paulette Laforgue
Ruth Lebovici
Rosine Lefort
Anne Levallois
Maud Mannoni
Joyce McDougall
Judith Miller
Catherine Millot
Françoise Minkowska (Switzerland)
Michèle Montrelay
Sophie Morgenstern
Marie Moscovici
Gisela Pankow
Catherine Parat
Ginette Raimbault
Blanche Reverchon-Jouve
Élisabeth Roudinesco
Monique Schneider
Eugénie Sokolnicka
Anne-Lise Stern
Maria Torok
Nathalie Zaltzman

In her book Enfance abandonée, published in 1953, Jenny Aubry described her work with hospitalised children and the success of psychoanalysis in the prevention and treatment of psychosis. She engaged in pioneering work by introducing psychoanalysis into the world of non-psychiatric hospitals. While working at the polyclinic on the Boulevard Ney from 1952 onwards, she expanded her activities to the prevention of school problems and developed a sort of group therapy for kindergartens.
From 1963 to 1968 Jenny Aubry was Head of the Paediatrics Department at the Hôpital des Enfants Malades in Paris, where she established the first psychoanalytic consultation service in France. After her retirement to Aix-en-Provence in 1968, she helped promote Lacanianism in the south of France. After the death of Pierre Aubry in 1972, she returned to Paris, where she served as a training analyst. An anthology of her papers was published in 2003 under the title Psychanalyse des enfants séparés. Etudes cliniques 1952-1986.

Although she was regarded as a gifted clinician, Eugénie Sokolnicka lost her position at Sainte Anne in 1923, at the instigation of the new director Henry Claude, who did not accept non-physician analysts. She set up in private practice, but her clientele diminished over the years. In the beginning of the 1930s she played no longer an important role in the French psychoanalytic movement. Poverty, growing depressions, the threat from Nazism in Germany and a sense of rootlessness weighed on her and, in 1934, she took her own life.

© 2007-2019 Brigitte Nölleke       Last update: 2019-07-09       Impressum